Learning in the Euro class at  Lycée lesage, vannes, brittany, france.

Latest Activity: Cajun Culture at Lycée Lesage!

Cajuns and Creoles, what's the difference?


Cajuns (The Acadians actually) are the French colonists who settled the Canadian maritime provinces (Nova Scotia and New Brunswick) in the 1600s. The settlers named their region "Acadia," and were known as Acadians. In 1713, the British took over Canada and expected all settlers, including the Acadians, to defend the kingdom. The British demanded that the Acadians adopt the king's Protestant religion.


Over the next forty years, the Acadians' refusal to abdicate became a political and religious threat. The British government seized farms, burned villages, and expelled Acadian families. That period has been called Le Grand Dérangement by French settlers. Families were separated as British soldiers loaded them onto ships with different destinations. Family members were shipped all over from New York to the West Indies. Some were sent down south to the Louisiana territories. Many Acadians found some acceptance in Louisiana, with its strong French background and Catholic heritage.


It is here the Acadians eventually became known as "Cajuns" since the 19th century. The French of noble ancestry would say, "les Acadiens", while some referred to the Acadians as, "le 'Cadiens", dropping the "A". Later came the Americans who could not pronounce "Acadien" or "'Cadien", so the word, "Cajun" was born.


Cajuns developed their own distinct lifestyle in the swamps and surrounding areas of South Louisiana. Cajun contributions to New Orleans and Louisiana are  important in many different ways.



"Creole" can mean anything from individuals born in New Orleans with French and Spanish ancestry to those who descended from African/Caribbean/French/Spanish heritage.

Creoles in New Orleans have played an important part in the culture of the city. Creoles, like Cajuns, have contributed so much to New Orleans art, music and social life; without them, New Orleans wouldn't be the unique city it is today.



Key Words

Acadia / Acadie: Founded in 1604 by French immigrants on the lands of present-day Canada, it was ceded to Great Britain in 1713 after the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht

Bayous: Canals formed by the meandering Mississippi River that irrigate southern Louisiana, and by extension the resulting swampy region

Cajun: A distortion of Cajun, itself derived from Acadian

Fais-dodo : Family dances given in the home, in turn, so called because the children sleep apart while the adults dance as a family

Grand Dérangement : Name given to the exodus of the Acadians following the Treaty of Utrecht signed between Spain, France and England, which led to the exile and deportation of the Acadians

Louisiana: Now a state in the southern United States, surrounded by Texas, Arkansas and Mississippi, Louisiana was founded in the 17th century by the French and at the time extended from Mexico to Canada

La-la music: Rural music of Creole origin, now probably extinct, that helped forge zydeco

Treaty of Utrecht: Treaty signed in 1713 between Spain, France and Great Britain that ended the War of the Spanish Succession

Zydeco (or zodico, zarico): A distortion of the word "bean", the staple of Creole cuisine in Louisiana. Zydeco is characterized by its blues and Creole influences

It's Up To You To Go Further:


  • Cajun Food: recipes and lingo
  • Cajun Music: Past and Future
  • Lafayette: Capital Of Cajun Country
  • Louisiana: economics
  • Lycée Français de La Nouvelle-Orléans + a NYT article
  • Fun Cajun Sayings & lingo
  • New Orleans
  • Copains comme cajuns » A film in Breton, French and English about the links between Louisiana and Brittany (trailer).
  • Acadians in Belle-Ile!?...In the years following the Grand Derangement of 1755 (when the British took possession of the Nouvelle France territories in North America), thousands of Acadians were dispersed to English and French ports. Many also languished in British prisons - Southampton, Bristol, Liverpool - until the Treaty of Paris was signed in February 1763. By this treaty, France ceded to England, among other things, all its possessions in Canada, except Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, and gave back Minorca in exchange for Belle-Île-en-Mer, which the English had occupied for two years. The Breton island, 15 kilometers off the coast of Quiberon, was coveted for its temperate climate, its abundant freshwater resources and its highly strategic position, at the crossroads of the maritime routes that led from the English Channel to Spain.

    Finally, 86.7% of the marriages in Belle Ile were mixed marriages; 24.7% of the Acadian families stayed permanently on the island; 30.1% left for Louisiana; and 45.2% settled in different ports along the Breton coast.
  • Other ideas?! Don't hesitate to suggest other topics

Now: Your PodTask

1/Learn all about socialization with this online lesson

2/ Choose your topic: your study object must be a culture, or a cultural practice, that results from a cultural blending.

--> Show how and why socialization allows this mixing of cultures


examples: Cajun Culture (see above) / Breton Culture / Mexico Mixed culture / Rock'n Roll / Blues/ R&B / Pop culture / Pop Music /Rap /  Internet/ Video games / Black Music in London / Restaurants / Hairstyle / Make Up / Nudity / Fashion & beauty / First names / Wedding and romance / Tatoos / Gym & sport / Old and New Rituals


2/ Gather knowledge and key words useful to talk about cultural blending, socialization, about your topic.

Some Key Words:


Culture – set of patterns of human activity within a community or social group and the symbolic representations that give significance to such activity. Behaviors, attitudes, Customs, laws, dress, architectural style, social standards, religious beliefs, arts and traditions compose these cultural traits.


Each individual integrates the culture of their social group, their community, through the process of socialization.




The development of transportation and communication allowed a great cultural diffusion. 


Cultural diffusion is the spread of the beliefs and social activities of one culture to different ethnicities, religions, nationalities, etc. An example of cultural diffusion is the tradition of the German Christmas pickle becoming popular in the United States.

These exchanges, these contacts, have produced profound changes in the language, beliefs, habits, arts... this is acculturation.


Acculturation is one of several forms of culture contact, and has a couple of closely related terms, including assimilation and amalgamation. ... Amalgamation refers to a blending of cultures, rather than one group eliminating another (acculturation) or one group mixing itself into another (assimilation). (Source: Merryam-Webster)


Confluence: a coming or flowing together, meeting, or gathering at one point At the confluence of Native American, Hispanic, and Anglo cultures, Santa Fe is for example the symbolic heart of the Southwest.



3/ Create your production: a 3 minutes podcast

  • write your script
  • record your audio on Anchor (you'll need to register but it is worth it: it's the easier app to create a podcast)
  • Send your podcast link on Toutatice (dépôt de devoirs): ?????
  • Stay prepared to present your podcast in class, icluding it in a visual presentation